1. Local Anesthesia and Fat Harvesting
The stem cells are derived from the patient’s own fat, which is harvested during mini-liposuction. This procedure is performed in our sterile treatment facility under local anesthesia. Specially designed equipment is used to remove several ounces of fat, usually from the abdominal or flank area. This part of our procedure lasts approximately 20 minutes.
2. Cell Preparation
After harvesting the fat, the next step is to isolate the stem cells by separating them from the fat cells. Our procedure, which involves a sterile “closed system” technology (so cells never come into contact with the outside environment), yields extremely high numbers of viable stem cells.
3. Deployment Into the Body
The stem cells are then deployed, or returned, back into the patient’s body using minimally invasive methods. Depending on the condition, stem cells may be infused by IV and/or injected directly into joints, tendons or ligaments using ultrasound guidance. Ultrasound is used to place the stem cells precisely at the area of pathology.
Also possibly injected into the affected joints, as determined by your physician, is either PRP (platelet rich plasma) or Amniofix; and possibly Supartz (also known as hyaluronic acid).
In the right environment, these stem cells can differentiate, or change, into bone, cartilage, muscle, fat, collagen, nerves, blood vessels, and other tissue types. Because these are the patient’s own cells, there is no risk of rejection.